IIT researchers develop technique for early diagnose of Osteoporosis & breast cancer

PATIALA: The IIT Ropar researchers had developed a non- invasive and non-ionizing depth-resolved infra-red imaging technique for early, safe and remote detection and evaluation of breast cancer and severity of osteoporosis disease in the human bone by detecting bone density variations.

In this novel active Infrared thermography (IRT) technique, the researchers had carried out detailed analysis on bone having different density variations, with tissue, skin and muscle over layers.

“Osteoporosis has been characterized as a skeletal disorder of reduced bone strength that leads to an increased risk of fracture. As our age grows, early diagnosis of the disease is necessary to maintain good bone strength and to avoid unbearable fractures. While the disease cannot be reversed, it can be effectively managed by detecting bone density variations”, said, Dr Ravibabu Mulaveesala, Professor at IIT Ropar.

Whereas for early detection of breast cancer, a quantitative pulse compression favourable active thermal wave imaging approach has been proposed for estimation of tumour size and depth along with its stage. The researchers revealed that unlike mammography it is well suited for screening of all type of breasts including dense as well as a fatty at any stage among the women. The screening of cancer can be done among irrespective of pregnant or breastfeeding women.

Dr Ravibabu, said, “Unlike mammography, it is completely non-invasive and no ionizing radiation is involved in it. Further, it is not only much cheaper and economical but also it is completely patient-friendly remote screening the mechanism in comparison to mammography, MRI and ultrasound screening mechanisms.”

In past, the concept has been published by our research team at InfraRed Imaging Laboratory (IRIL) at IIT Ropar in several peer-reviewed international journals including Journal of Biomedical Optics, Biomedical Physics & Engineering Express and Proceedings of SPIE – The International Society for Optical Engineering.

The research was carried out by postdoctoral researchers Dr Vanita Arora and Dr. Geetika Dua under the supervision of Dr. Ravibabu Mulaveesala

In order to develop the complete indigenous high-resolution screening system the research had cost about Rs 50 Lakh approximately while it took around two years to develop the system.
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